Nissan Diesel South Africa has introduced a range of new engines for its Heavy Commercial Vehicle range. This brings the company’s HCV range into full compliance with Euro II emission regulations that will be enforced in South Africa as from 1 January 2010.
As one of the world’s leading truck manufacturers, Nissan Diesel is investing a great deal in developing vehicles that offer better efficiency, fuel economy and environmental responsibility. All new trucks launched by Nissan Diesel South Africa since July 2007, already complies with Euro II standards.
Through its environmental policy, Nissan Diesel aims to create a better environment by taking every possible measure to tackle global environmental issues. The company aims to develop environmentally friendly products through measures such as reducing exhaust emissions, improving fuel efficiency and reducing external automobile noise.
Nissan Diesel is also pursuing activities for energy-saving, resource-saving and waste reduction.
With the introduction of the Quon Extra Heavy range on the global stage, Nissan Diesel made a strong statement of its intentions to become an even bigger and more environmentally caring truck maker in the future. The Quon was the first truck in the world to conform to the very stringent long-term emission requirements in Japan. In fact it already complied in 2005, which was a year prior to the imposition of these regulations that are even stiffer than Euro 5.
In South Africa, the company has adopted a philosophy of introducing appropriate technology that not only adheres to local legislation, but continues to fulfil the needs of customers in various applications.
Nissan Diesel has an evolutionary rather than a revolutionary approach to the introduction of new products in South Africa, and this specifically applies to the company’s rationale for only introducing Euro II compliant technology at this stage.
“Euro IV and V technology come with a big price tag for both the economy and truck operators alike,” said Johan Richards, chief operating officer of Nissan Diesel South Africa. “Not only does it mean that trucks would cost up to 1.7 times more, it also has a big impact on the indirect costs involved in, for instance, the different manufacturing processes that will have to be implemented.”
As a developing country, South Africa has no internationally agreed targets for the reduction of emissions. Road transport attributes three-quarters of the local transport sector’s Greenhouse Gasses (GHG) emissions which include passenger, freight and public transport services.
The transport sector has been identified by Government as a ‘business unusual’ growth sector, therefore policies and measures have been put in place to meet mandatory national targets for the reduction of GHG emissions from this sector. This could include fuel efficiency standards and the promotion of hybrids and electric vehicles.
According to Lloyd Christie, a senior associate at Edward Nathan Sonnenbergs attorneys, a 2003 Government Strategy that aimed to move from Euro II to Euro IV, was never gazetted. “South African oil refineries, for instance, have to first upgrade their facilities to comply to Euro IV standards and it is believed these won’t be implemented soon, at least not in the next four years.”
In the 2005 Energy Efficiency Strategy, the Department of Minerals and Energy set a target of a 9% reduction in energy demand for the transport sector. And more recently, the Bus Rapid Transport and the Gautrain have been introduced by Government in order to reduce GHG emissions produced by vehicles.
“The Department of Environment Affairs and Tourism is expected to declare vehicles as being ‘controlled’ emitters in terms of the National Environmental Management Air Quality Act which will enable them to determined vehicle emission standards,” said Christie. “As a result, the Department of Minerals and Energy will then be in a position to set fuel specification standards which will enable the achievement of local vehicle emission standards.”
Masato Takizawa, CEO of Nissan Diesel South Africa, “Nissan Diesel South Africa’s commitment remains to grow its local market share, while remaining Nissan Diesel Motor Corporation’s largest export hub outside Japan. We want to continue to be a main player in the local market and we are looking to develop our already established customer base even further.”
He said that the company will continually invest in making trucks that not only suit their customers’ requirements, but also don’t add to the already burdened environment. The company will also take various actions to reduce the volume of waste produced and will, during the course of the next few years, implement training and education programmes, so as to keep both employees and management informed with regards to environmental policies and matters.
The Nissan Diesel HCV Range
According to Richards, before a new product is launched here, NDSA takes into consideration local road and operating conditions and thoroughly tests the truck’s ability to deliver on the company’s lowest lifecycle cost objective.
“We take great care to ensure that we provide a high quality product that is able to sustain our objective of the highest possible level of durability and ultimately giving customers as much up-time as possible. With the new engines, our HCV range now offers customers improved performance, more fuel efficiency and trucks that are easy and cost effective to maintain,” said Richards. “Above all, they are safe and effortless to operate.”
Nissan Diesel’s new engine range for its HCVs is fully compliant to Euro II emission regulations and thus more environmentally friendly.
Euro II – SANS 20049 (ECE R49) Requirement
EU Emission Standards for HD Diesel Engines, g/kWh
**CO – Carbon Monoxide
HC – Hydrocarbon
NOx – Nitrogen Oxides
PM – Particulate Matter
The ND FE6TA engine will now do duty on the UD60B and UD70B, while the ND FE6TB engine is utilised in the UD80B, UD85B and UD90B. Nissan Diesel’s HCV range also consists of a UD95 and UD100 that was launched in 2007 already Euro II compliant, which is powered by a ND FE6TC engine.
All engines are electronically controlled and deliver a powerful performance. In addition, it allows for a quick throttle response, reliability, and has an aneroid compensator for high altitude operation.
The UD60B and UD70B offer 157kW of power and 588Nm of torque. The FE6TA engine makes use of 2-valve technology, a mechanical governor as well as a timing and injection rate control system known as TICS. With the aid of TICS, the engine produces a higher power and torque output, as well as lower exhaust gas emissions at a lower fuel consumption rate.
The FE6TB engine doing service on the UD80B, UD85B and UD90B delivers 175kW of power and 660Nm. It utilises 4-valve technology, an electronically controlled governor, as well as the TICS injection pump.
All these units are geared to achieve excellent fuel consumption and gradeability, ensuring that a high average speed is attained to boost productivity.
Nissan Diesel has also standardised the transmission across the new range. The Nissan Diesel MLS62B is a 6-speed synchromesh transmission with an overdrive top gear to ensure best performance. The UD90B with its MPS62B transmission has a 380mm clutch to accommodate the 24-ton Gross Combination Mass (GCM), while the remainder of the models utilise a 350mm clutch.
This range of units provides transport solutions for nominal payloads from 6 to almost 11 tons. Their optimised wheelbases make them ideal for a range of applications; which include freight carriers that can be fitted with virtually any rear body, a dedicated tipper or compactor, as well as conversion to truck tractors. Tag axle options on the UD90B and UD100A allow for operation as a 6×2 with additional payload capability.
“The class-leading performance of these units is achieved by the unique combination of engine power, transmission ratios and final drive ratio. With its proven flexibility and durability, this series is especially suited to meet the needs of the distribution, waste, dairy and freight industries,” said Richards.
In South Africa, the new engines were rigorously tested at specifically high altitudes in low atmospheric pressure and high temperatures, and then fine-tuned to suit the unique local conditions.
The high specification, inherent strength and minimalist approach of the new engine range, proven through extensive testing, make them ideal trucks for work. The vehicles remain easy to drive, operate and maintain and is exactly the sort of trucks Nissan Diesel wants to offer their South African customers.
Cab (Corrosion) – 60 months
Vehicle – 12 months, unlimited mileage
Extended drive train warranty – 24 months/ 300 000km
Service & maintenance contracts optional
There are more than fifty Nissan Diesel dealers in South Africa that adhere to stringent quality requirements. As a result, the company is able deliver the same level of service to their customers, no matter where they are.
“We place great emphasis on building long-term relationships with our customers and providing ongoing support throughout a product’s lifecycle. Nissan Diesel’s dealers remain committed to providing their customers with innovative transport solutions and service offerings, built on trust, in-depth industry knowledge and a strong technical skills set,” concluded Richards.
Nissan Diesel has a dedicated centralised call centre that operates 24/7 to facilitate roadside and emergency assistance to customers all across South Africa.